Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, and a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in the Indian cultural zone. It is a standardized dialect of the Old Indo-Aryan language, originating as Vedic Sanskrit and tracing its linguistic ancestry back to Proto-Indo-Iranian and Proto-Indo-European. Today it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand. Sanskrit holds a prominent position in Indo-European studies.

The corpus of Sanskrit literature encompasses a rich tradition of poetry and drama as well as scientific, technical, philosophical and religious texts. Sanskrit continues to be widely used as a ceremonial language in Hindu religious rituals and Buddhist practice in the form of hymns and chants.

The Department of Sanskrit at VBU was founded in 1994, two years after the university was established in 1992, under the headship of Late Prof.  (Dr.) Hrishikesh Ojha. Sanskrit as a language is believed to be the most ancient language and has blanketed huge reservoir of invaluable knowledge under it. Sanskrit has been catering to the requirements of other subjects too including Mathematics, Philosophy, Science etc. National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) is a firm believer that the 7th generation computers will be best suitable with Sanskrit as the Operating Language. Considering these the importance of Sanskrit in the contemporary scientific world becomes indispensible.